PURA BESAKIH, PIRAMIDA FROM BALI
Bali Island is famous for its thousand of Pura. So much so that you can easily find a temple in every corner of the island of Bali. But this one temple is unique because it does not stand alone but consists of a collection of several temples in one place. Yaps, Besakih Temple is the name of the temple complex. So much and the magnitude of temples in the complex of Pura Besakih make this temple to be the largest temple in Bali as well as in Indonesia. Building terraces when seen from a distance look like the tip of the pyramid, but the pyramids a la Bali Island
This unique temple complex is located in Besakih Village, Rendang District, Karangasem Regency, precisely on the slopes of Mount Agung Barat. Therefore when visiting Pura Besakih you are not only faced with a great view of the temple and a lot but also beautiful views of the mountains that surround this temple.
The origin Pura Besakih
The origin of the name Besakih is derived from the word Basuki which is derived from the Sanskrit language “wasuki” which means salvation. But there is also mention that the name Besakih comes from the name of the dragon who inhabited Mount Agung “Dragon Basukian”. But apart from that all, Pura Besakih is interesting to study because of the building that follows the development of the times.
From the record of an ancient inscription dating from 1007 AD it is known that this temple dates from the 15th century and became the center of the Hindu temple in Bali. This is also visible from the relics that exist in the temple like menhir, statues, and punden berundak which is a relic in the pre-Hindu period. Further changed into meru, gedong, pelinggih, and padmasana that results of Hindu culture. Therefore this temple was believed to be a place of acceptance of revelation by Hyang Rsi Markendya which became the forerunner of Hindu Dharma religion in Bali.
The Tample of Pura Besakih
As the center of Hindu religion in Bali, Pura Besakih becomes the place of worship of the highest god in Hinduism. This temple is also a center of Hindu religious activities in Bali. One of them is the festival Odalan held every day to-210 where the temple will be decorated with very beautiful. Here there are about 19 temples with one main temple or temple center, namely Penataran Agung Besakih Temple. In this Penataran Agung Temple, there are three statues of the three supreme gods or Tri Murti, namely Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva.
For temple companion there are 18 other temples namely Pura Basukian, Pura Pesimpangan, Pura Dalem Puri, Pura Manik Mas, Pura Bangun Sakti, Pura Ulun Kulkul, Pura Merajan Selonding, Pura Goa, and several other temples.
Although not including Hindus, you can still visit the temple that has been included in the list of favorite tourist destinations in Bali. The reason this place offers the beauty of the incredible scenery, especially when the sun in the morning or afternoon illuminate the temple complex so the temple looks more luminous.
Balinese architecture seems attached to the whole complex of temples, complete with ornaments premises, ladder temple, stone carvings, as well as sacred stone idols. To enter this temple first you will be asked to wear sarongs and sashes typical Balinese worship clothes in order to maintain the holiness and tradition in Bali. But before reaching the temple complex, visitors still have to walk through the path as far as 200 meters. During the trip, the green scenery and breeze will accompany. If you do not want to walk around the population offering motorbike rental services.
Satisfied around the temple complex which is about 2 hours from Kuta or 25 kilometers from Denpasar, you can buy food and souvenirs outside the temple complex area. Pura Besakih is open to the public from 08.00 am to 05.00 pm. So for those of you who are curious about Balinese architecture since pre-Hindu times and the process of the embryo of Hindu religion in Bali, you must come to this temple. And be prepared to be fascinated with the beautiful architecture that resembles a pyramid but with a Balinese design.